A world-class heritage memorial to commemorate the victory of Sikh warrior Baba Banda Singh Bahadur and his soldiers over the Mughals in 1710, Chappar Chiri is built on 20 acres of land and has a heritage memorial, which houses Minar-e-Fateh, a museum, and an open air auditorium for light and sound shows to depict the life and philosophy of Sikh warriors.
The Fateh Burj is 328 feet high Burj, India’s highest, stands as a symbol of historical victory of Sikhs led by the great general Baba Banda Singh Bahadur situated in the historical village of Chappar Chiri in the SAS Nagar district, Punjab.
Chappar Chiri villages is, along Kharar-Banur Road, now officially named Banda Singh Bahadur Road. It is situated just outside Mohali, a few kilometres from Landran and 20 km from Sirhind. It was here that Banda Singh Bahadur, one of the most respected Sikh warriors, won a decisive battle against Wazir Khan, commander of the Mughal army.
History Behind Fateh Burj
Banda Singh Bahadur defeated Wazir Khan in a battle in 1710 to establish the Sikh rule. Fateh Burj was constructed in memory of establishment of Sikh rule in India in 1711. It is considered as the tallest victory tower and is located in Mohali in Punjab. The tower has a height of 328 feet and it stands at the centre of the field where the battle was fought.
The Burj has total three stories at 67 feet, 117 feet and 220 feet. The 328 feet high burj is the tallest towers in India. The significance of the first storey marks the victory of Samana, second storey for the victory of Sadhaura and the third storey for Sirhind fought at Chapparchiri. The place depicts the war scene of that time.
Gurudwara Baba Banda Bahadur is located between the villages of Chappar Chiri and Ban and Chhoti by the side of a metalled link road joining them. The gurudwara was established in the 1950s by both villages to mark the historic victory event. A new hall was constructed in here in 1970 where the Guru Granth Sahib is now seated, while the old building serves as a primary school. Authorities recently added a small room here that serves as Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Library. The gurudwara is being governed by a committee representing the two villages.
The visiting hours of the burj is from 10A.M. to 8P.M. Visit this place at the time of sunset and sunrise. The effect of the sunlight around the monument makes it look immensely beautiful.
Chappar Chiri witnesses warm temperatures during the summer season and it can rise up to a maximum of 44°C. Generally, it remains in the range between 35 and 42°C during this season. This is not considered as the preferable time to get here. Meanwhile, the temperature ranges from 7 to 15 °C while the minimum temperature varies from -2 and 5 °C during winter season. Winters last from November to February. The best time to visit Chappar Chiri is between October and March.